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trail_of_tears_map.jpg
Trail of Tears map
Politicians started to give arguments for Native American removal during the Monroe Administration: state protection, national security, territorial expansion, assimilation of the Native Americans, and preservations of native culture.With Andrew Jackson's election to the presidency, Indian Removal became a cornerstone of his Indian policy and the idea of removal became more of a reality.

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 "established procedures and provided funds for relocation. It charged the federal government with assigning specific parcels of land as yet unclaimed by states to tribes and communities in exchange for their holdings east of the Mississippi. Moreover, it apportioned funds to reimburse Indian property, and to pay for the transit westward and the transition to the new territory" (King, 148). This act was incredibly popular and its advocates put its policies into effect almost immediately Gclub.

This is not to say that the Native Americans went quietly. There were two major trials in the Supreme Court as to its legitimacy. Both the Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831) and Worcester v. Georgia (1832) confirmed that the tribes were subject to Federal laws, not state, while also hinting that Indian removal was unconstitutional. However, this did not stop the momentum that the act had started.

In order to move, tribes had to leave behind homes, land, hunting grounds, and ancestral lands. Native American reaction to the forced relocation spanned from disbelief to acceptance to armed resistance. Not only that, but the migration west resulted in the destabilization of the tribes, along with malnutrition, exhaustion, illness, and death. For the Cherokee Nation Royal1688, which was removed from Georgia to Oklahoma, the migration will always be known as the Trail of Tears.


By Robert Lindneux in the Woolaroc Museum, Bartlesville, Oklahoma
By Robert Lindneux in the Woolaroc Museum, Bartlesville, Oklahoma


It is important to note that the migration west not only displaced old Northwestern and Southeastern tribes, but also the tribes that were living west of the Mississippi River. They were forced to cede lands, compete for resources, and restrict their living to the external image arrow-10x10.png that were mapped out for them by the United States Goldclub Slot government.

In the long run, Indian Removal allowed the United States to increase in size for relatively cheap. For $68 million, the United States gained one hundred million acres that originally belonged to the Southeastern tribes, along with the Louisiana Purchase (King, 149). The price that the Native Americans paid was much higher because they paid for their removal with their lives.

- YL